China – The country and its coins

China - The country and its coins

China – Numbers, Data, Facts

The official name of China is People’s Republic of China. It is located in the eastern part of the Asian continent on the west coast of the Pacific Ocean.

Area: is 9.6 million km²

Population: 1.45 billion (as of October 2022)

China is the fourth largest country in the world, after Russia, Canada and the USA.

The most popular languages and dialects: Mandarin, Standard Chinese, Cantonese, Xiang

City and country

Capital: Beijing/Beijing (21.3 million inhabitants (as of October 2022))

Major cities: Beijing/Beijing (capital); Shanghai (largest city by population – 28.5 million (as of October 2022)).

Shanghai has the longest metro system in the world, located under the city, with 802 km of tunnels and tracks and 396 stations.

China is divided into 34 units: 24 provinces, 4 municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Chongqing), 5 autonomous regions (Guangxi, Inner Mongolia, Tibet, Ningxia, Xinjiang) and 2 special administrative regions (Hong Kong, Macau).

The everyday life

Holidays: New Year, Spring Festival (Chinese New Year), Qingming Festival, Labor Day, Dragon Boat Festival, Mid-Autumn Festival and National Day. Chinese New Year is the most important holiday in China and lasts about 15 days – from the new moon between the end of January and the end of February until the next full moon.

China borders 14 countries: Vietnam, Laos, and Burma in Southeast Asia; India, Bhutan, Nepal, and Pakistan in South Asia; Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Kazakhstan in Central Asia; parts of Russia’s Altai and Mongolia; and North Korea in Northeast Asia.

Religion: Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Christianity and popular beliefs are considered the traditional religions of the country.

China’s national sport is table tennis. It is called “ping pong”.

Chinese Kung Fu is also considered a martial art. It is an important part of Chinese culture. Chinese Kung Fu is a comprehensive system of theory and practice. It combines techniques of self-defense and health maintenance.

China has a single time zone. The entire country of China, with its enormous size, has a common time zone known worldwide as Beijing Standard Time.

Currency: The Chinese Yuan (CNY) and the Chinese Renminbi (RMB). The renminbi (people’s currency in Mandarin) is the official currency of China and serves as a medium of exchange, while the yuan is the unit of currency.

China’s most famous gold coin: best known are the China Panda gold coins with annually changing panda motifs (more below).

China’s economy has become one of the largest and strongest in the world in recent decades. Driven by industrial production and manufacturing exports, China’s GDP is now the largest in the world in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP).

The 10 most valuable companies in China (as of summer 2022) – Source:

  1. Tencent ($279.62 billion)
  2. Alibaba ($201.86 billion)
  3. Moutai ($110.58 billion)
  4. Meituan ($52.88 billion)
  5. Huawei ($46.57 billion)
  6. Ping An ($44.36 billion)
  7. ($41.07 billion)
  8. Douyin ($38.92 billion)
  9. Industrial and Commercial Bank of China ($38.59 billion)
  10. Kuaishou ($32.64 billion)

China is the largest silk producer in the world and uses the silk of mulberry silkworms.

In China, the color of mourning is white , while red is the color of happiness . While in most countries black is the color of mourning, this is different in China. Similarly, red is the color that stands out in most Chinese weddings, including the brides’ dresses.

Traditional Chinese Medicine or TCM, based on the philosophy of balance with nature, has been used in China for over 2000 years.

The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge is the longest sea-crossing bridge in the world. The total length of the bridge is 55 kilometers (34 miles)

The beautiful black and white giant panda is native to China and lives in the central mountains of the country where dense bamboo forests grow. This is the only place in the world where these animals live in the wild.

The Chinese zodiac consists of 12 animals

It contains 12 animals in a certain order: rat (water element), ox (earth element), tiger (wood element), rabbit (wood element), dragon (earth element), snake (fire element), horse (fire element), goat (earth element), monkey (metal element), rooster (metal element), dog (earth element) and pig (water element). The 12 animals are in a cycle that repeats every 12 lunar years. It is believed that people born in a particular zodiac year share certain common personality traits and destinies.

In Chinese mythology, the dragon is the first of the four greatest creatures, along with the phoenix and the tiger. This is why it is so often depicted in Chinese art and celebrations.

Confucianism is an ancient belief system that has existed for more than 2,500 years and has significantly influenced Chinese culture. It focuses on inner virtue, morality, and respect for the community and nature. Its founder, Confucius, was a great philosopher and teacher.

In 2022, China unveiled the world’s fastest maglev train, capable of reaching a top speed of 600 km/h.

In China, there are lucky numbers and unlucky numbers. In China, numbers that sound like words with lucky meanings are considered lucky numbers. The numbers 8, 6 and 9 are lucky numbers. The number 4 is an unlucky number because its pronunciation (si) is similar to the word for “death” in Chinese.

The cuisine of China

In China, there are many different styles of cooking. The most popular cooking styles in China are known as the “Eight Great Cuisines,” named after the versed regions of China:

Cantonese cuisine

Sichuan cuisine

Jiangsu cuisine

Hunan cuisine

Shandong cuisine

Zhejiang cuisine

Anhui cuisine

Fujian cuisine

The most popular cooking styles in Germany are:

Sichuan cuisine: spicy and strong, with lots of chili, garlic, ginger and peanuts.

Jiangsu cuisine: fresh, moderately salty and sweet, preferring seafood, soups and elaborate, colorful presentation

In ancient China, chopsticks were invented and used for cooking, not eating. Their length made them perfect for reaching into pots of hot water or oil.

Vegetables and rice are the most common ingredients in Chinese cuisine.

Among the world’s most famous tourist attractions are the Great Wall of China – the official length is 21,196.18 km, the Forbidden City, the Summer Palace, the Terracotta Army, the Mogao Grottoes.

Tea is the national drink of China. The most famous and important Chinese teas are green tea, black tea, oolong tea, white tea, yellow tea and dark tea.

On the border between China and Nepal lies Mount Everest, which is the highest mountain on earth with a height of 8,849 meters.

China produces the most gold of any country in the world. With a production of 404 tons of gold and an inventory of 2,000 tons of gold reserves , China is currently the largest gold producer in the world .

Chinese gold coins – our favorites

The most important bullion coin in China is the panda . It has five different sizes, which differ from the standards of Western gold coins, namely:

1g, 3g, 8g, 15g and 30g (instead of 1 ounce). The purity grade of gold everywhere is 999. The Panda gold coin is a work of art due to its high quality of workmanship.

The Chinese Gold Panda coin series is an investment piece minted in China since 1982. The first series of China Panda gold and silver bullion coins were rare, being minted in mintages of only 10,000 to 20,000 pieces. At that time, the coins have attracted interest not only from investors, but also from collectors. Due to limited production, the value of these coins is composed of the precious metal value and numismatic value. The “Pandas” were quickly recognized alongside the Australian Nugget and Lunar coins, the South African Krugerrand, the American Buffalo, the Austrian Philharmonic and the Canadian Maple Leaf.


The drawings on old coins give an insight into the development of the art of coinage in China. While the oldest specimens are unsigned, later ones bear abstract inscriptions (ancient Chinese characters) and images (dragon, unicorn, phoenix). Rare contemporary gold and silver coins (collector and bullion) are minted by hand as proof.

We have already published several blogs and product pages about Chinese gold coins. Take a look and contact us if you have any further questions about it.

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Panda gold coins have a high mintage and a low premium to the gold, which of course makes them very attractive to investors. But one must always keep in mind that there are a large number of counterfeit coins in circulation . Preferably buy bullion coins from trustworthy and reliable dealers.

If you own Chinese gold coins and would like to sell them, we look forward to hearing from you. By the way, the pictures and videos of the coins shown on our website are created by ourselves, we do not use any third-party graphics. Just as all coins marked “in stock” are actually in stock and available for delivery within 3-4 business days after receipt of payment.

  • China 2014 Panda Smithsonian Proof Gold NGC PF70 UCAM
    China Panda – 2014 – Smithsonian – 1oz Proof Gold – NGC PF 70 UCAM
    $3 234.60
    Delivery Time: approx. 2-3 days (excluding Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays)
  • China Panda 1988 5 coin set gold proof ngc pf69 ucam
    China Panda 1988 – Proof – 5 Coin Set – Gold – NGC Grading
  • China Panda 2005 1oz Gold
    China Panda 2005 1oz Gold Original Foil
  • China Panda 1982 gold coin
    Panda 1982 1 Oz Gold China